National Agricultural Drought Watch: Nepal
ICIMOD is developing an integrated information platform linking weather and climate data with agriculture practices in the region. The platform provides data analysis support to professionals responsible for developing agro-met advisories for government agencies and farmers. The National Agricultural Drought Watch: Nepal developed at ICIMOD, under the SERVIR Hindu Kush Himalaya (SERVIR-HKH) Initiative, provides information on the in-season drought situation and outlook.
The system provides baselines on crop type maps and farming practices calendars valid at the district level, and multiple indices – evapotranspiration, precipitation rate, standardized precipitation index, soil moisture, and temperature – for droughts and seasonal weather outlooks at the national and regional levels. These can inform short- to medium-term agri-advisories. Users can already explore historical time-series data on the five indices over 18 years aggregated in decadal, monthly, and quarterly sets. The system will soon roll out three- to six-month forecast abilities.
The National Agricultural Drought Watch for Nepal is part of the Regional Drought Monitoring and Outlook System for South Asia and was supported by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The Climate Services for Resilient Development (CSRD) Initiative and the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) collaborated on the development of the system.