Training of trainers: Using Earth observation and geospatial applications for disaster preparedness in Nepal

Date 20 Jun, 2022 to 24 Jun 2022
Venue ICIMOD Headquarters, Kathmandu, Nepal
Contact Persons servirhkh@icimod.org
Type Training of trainers
Programmes SERVIR-HKH, MENRIS

Organizer: International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD)

About the training

We are organising a training of trainers (ToT) workshop on the use of Earth observation (EO), geospatial information technology (GIT), and ICIMOD science applications for key professionals working on disaster preparedness in Nepal.

Effective risk reduction and resilience strategies ensure that relevant actors can anticipate adverse events before they occur and take proactive actions to alleviate consequences. Recognising the need to enhance such capability in the region, our SERVIR-HKH Initiative, collaborates with the NASA SERVIR Applied Sciences Team to develop science applications that assist in forecasting high-impact weather events, flash floods and floods in river networks in the HKH region. These applications provide information that is a significant improvement over current deterministic forecasting systems and are, therefore, more reliable, and actionable. These applications are maintained on an open-access web portal for public use and feedback, and we regularly engage relevant stakeholders in capacity development activities.

Objective

The overall objective of this five-day ToT workshop is to strengthen the capacity of key professionals working in disaster preparedness on the use of EO, GIT, and ICIMOD science applications and enable them to transfer the knowledge to other users.

Specifically, the workshop will focus on:

  • Concepts and applications of Earth observation and geospatial information technology
  • High-Impact Weather Assessment Tool (HIWAT)
  • Streamflow Prediction Tool for Nepal, which provides 10-day streamflow forecasts based on downscaled global forecasts (ECMWF)
  • Flash Flood Prediction Tool for Nepal (earlier referred to as the HIWAT Streamflow Prediction Tool), which provides 48-hour flood forecasts resulting from localised extreme weather phenomena

Expected outcomes

Upon completion of the training, the participants will have a better understanding of remote sensing (RS) and geographic information system (GIS) concepts, and our science applications for use around disasters – floods, lightning strikes, high impact winds, high rainfall rates, hail, and other weather events.

It is also expected that the participants will be able to transfer the knowledge gained at the workshop to their users/partners.

Expected participants

Fifteen nominated officers from the Armed Police Force (APF), Nepal who participated in our earlier orientation training at the APF Disaster Management Training School (DMTS), are expected to join the training.

Resource persons

Rajesh Bahadur Thapa

Rajesh Bahadur Thapa (Training coordinator)

Senior Remote Sensing & Geoinformation Specialist, ICIMOD
Birendra Bajracharya

Birendra Bajracharya

Chief of Party, SERVIR-HKH, ICIMOD
Deepak Kumar Shah

Deepak Kumar Shah

Geospatial Application Developer, ICIMOD
Kiran Shakya,

Kiran Shakya

Geospatial Application Development Specialist, ICIMOD
Manish Shrestha

Manish Shrestha

Hydrologist, ICIMOD
Kiran Shakya

Poonam Tripathhi

Geospatial Training Analyst, ICIMOD
Sajana Maharjan

Sajana Maharjan

Remote Sensing and Geoinformation Analyst, ICIMOD
Sudip Pradhan

Sudip Pradhan

Programme Coordinator, Regional Database System, ICIMOD
Sunil Thapa

Sunil Thapa

Remote Sensing and Geoinformation Analyst, ICIMOD

Background

Sustainable water management and reducing risks from natural hazards such as floods are major concerns for countries in the Hindu Kush Himalaya (HKH) region, including Nepal. Confronted with limited knowledge and scarce resources, mountain-specific solutions for water-related problems have remained rather tenuous and generally ineffective.

Our SERVIR-HKH Initiative, a partnership between USAID, NASA and ICIMOD, has developed several science applications – decision support tools and services – to contribute to effective, evidence-based decision-making processes by governments, communities, and individuals using scientific data, Earth observation information, and geospatial information technologies. These science applications respond to the areas of disaster, natural resources, agriculture, environment, and climate change.

Tentative agenda

  • Day 1
    Time Topic
    09:00–10:00 Opening session (S1)
      Registration (15 min) – ICIMOD/DMTS

    Training overview and introduction of the participants (15 min) – Rajesh Bahadur Thapa, ICIMOD

    Connecting space to village: SERVIR efforts (15 min) – Birendra Bajracharya, ICIMOD

    Remarks from Chief Guest (5 min) – Kumar Neupane, Deputy Inspector General, APF, Nepal 

    Welcome remarks (5 min) – Shekhar Ghimire, Director of Administration and Finance, ICIMOD 

    10:00–10:30 Group photo and break
    10:30–12:30 Morning session (S2)
    Pre-training assessment (15 min) – Poonam Tripathi, ICIMOD

    GIS concepts and applications (60 min) – Poonam Tripathi, ICIMOD

    Demonstration of GIS and RS data access (45 min) – Sudip Pradhan, ICIMOD

    12:30–13:30 Lunch break
    13:30–17:00 Afternoon session (S3)
    Installation of software

    Hands-on exercises – Poonam Tripathi and Sajana Maharjan, ICIMOD

    Vector data exploration and visualization in QGIS

    Working with vector data, layer properties, projection, symbology, label tool, etc.

    15:00–15:30 Break
    Hands-on exercises – session continued

    Using vector geometry tool to calculate area, field calculator, joining attributes

    Exploring geoprocessing tools

    Using query builder to perform queries

  • Day 2
    Time Topic
    09:00–12:30 Morning session (S4)
    Reflections on the previous day (30 min) – Rajesh Bahadur Thapa, ICIMOD

    Remote sensing concepts and applications (60 min) – Rajesh Bahadur Thapa, ICIMOD

    10:30 – 11:00 Break
    Hands-on exercises – Poonam Tripathi and Sunil Thapa, ICIMOD

    Exploration and analysis of raster data in QGIS, visualization, merging, clipping

    Raster data for topographic analysis – digital elevation model (DEM), slope, aspect, relief, etc.

    12:30–13:30 Lunch break
    13:30–17:00 Afternoon session (S5)
    Hands-on exercises – session continued

    Satellite data visualization and interpretation in QGIS/Google Earth

    Creating vector data

    15:00–15:30 Break
    Updating existing vector data

    Cartography: map making for emergency response

  • Day 3
    Time Topic
    09:00–12:30 Morning session (S6)
    Reflections on the previous day (30 min) – Rajesh Bahadur Thapa, ICIMOD

    Basic concepts on hydrology and satellite-based precipitation data (60 min) – Manish Shrestha, ICIMOD

    10:30–11:00 Break
    Open Street Map (OSM) – Deepak Shah, ICIMOD

    Hands-on exercise: Orientation and use of settlements data

    12:30–13:30 Lunch break
    13:30–17:00 Afternoon session (S7)
    Hands-on exercise: HIWAT and interpretation of weather forecasts – Kiran Shakya, ICIMOD
    15:00–15:30 Break
    Hands-on exercise – session continued
  • Day 4
    Time Topic
    09:00– 12:30 Morning session (S8)
    Reflections on the previous day (30 min) – Rajesh Bahadur Thapa, ICIMOD

    Hands-on exercise: The Streamflow Prediction Tool and interpretation of streamflow forecasts – Manish Shrestha, ICIMOD

    10:30–11:00 Break
    Understanding digital elevation model and its hydrological application – Kiran Shakya, ICIMOD

    Hands-on exercise: Flood inundation depth estimation

    12:30–13:30 Lunch break
    13:30–17:00 Afternoon session (S9)
    Group formation – Rajesh Bahadur Thapa, ICIMOD

    Problem identification for each province

    15:00–15:30 Break
    Participants working with subject matter experts (SMEs)
  • Day 5
    Time Topic
    09:00–12:30 Morning session (S10)
    Reflections on the previous day (30 min) – Rajesh Bahadur Thapa, ICIMOD

    Participants working with SMEs

    10:30–11:00 Break
    Participants working with SMEs
    12:30–13:30 Lunch break
    13:30–17:00 Afternoon session (S11)
    Participants working with SMEs
    15:00–15:30 Break
    Presentation from participant – group leads

    Post-training assessment (20 min) – Poonam Tripathi, ICIMOD

    16:30–17:00 Closing session (S12)
      Reflections from the participants (10 min)

    Certificate distribution – Rajesh Bahadur Thapa, ICIMOD

    Guest remarks(5 min) – Kalidas Dhaubaji, Deputy Inspector General, APF, Nepal

    Closing address (5 min) – Basanta Shrestha, Director of Strategic Cooperation, ICIMOD 

    Way forward and vote of thanks (5 min) – Birendra Bajracharya, ICIMOD